Planning for a unit or lesson, is much like a solving a giant jigsaw puzzle. First one looks at the cover of the box (lesson topic), then collects interesting activities and facts, and finally shifts many different pieces into one cohesive image. Blank lesson plan and unit plan templates allow for competency 6, or to plan lessons that align with local, state, and national standards. The lesson plan templates provide quick and organized areas to organize brainstorming and then present hard copy lessons clearly. Learning outcomes are clearly identified under the heading "objectives" and can be specified in the differentiation or accommodation box for individual students. Each lesson plan template comes with a reflection section, requiring instant and long term contemplation on the lesson; units come with one to be completed at the start and end of the unit. Unit plan templates provide long term organization of planning, and lesson plan templates provide day to day planning organization and presentation. The templates allow easy set up and understanding of lesson plans, which in the long run allows for more time to come up with creative activities and topics to use in the classroom. Essential questions and SOLs are outlined at the top of the second page of the template in order to focus the lesson.



The Europe Unit Table of Specifications is a shorthanded version of the textbook version that can be found in Christopher Gareis' Assessment Book. In red, the left column outlines each SOL content topic covered in the unit and its specific skills requested. In blue next to each skill is a tentative activity planned for the class. Outlining the unit by using required SOLs and assessments to either formativiely or summatively assess or reinforce those SOLs makes sure to cover every aspect needed. Overall, it allows for competency 7, or selecting appropriate instructional strategies/activities aligned to instructional goals and responsive to diverse student needs. Separate TOS' can be created to differentiate advanced and general class activities and assessments. All plans laid out in one place allows for holes or lack of variation to be sought out or easily noticed and changed. The TOS also helps link homework and other assessments visually in a flow chart; assessments are written directly next to objectives, which are also grouped for easy narrow to broad perspective when planning. The TOS provides a checklist to run through when assessing the lesson for any bias or controversial issues concerning a unit's activity or content.


Most times spent throughout leisure moments, resources are gathered from many different sources and organized to reference and store for units and lessons. This process highlights competency 8, selecting instructional strategies and materials, as well as effectively integrating technology in planning. Using websites such as stumbleupon, Mental Floss, Youtube, and National Geographic I look for interesting activities and topics relevant to the students personalities each class.To make access easy for the teacher, student, parent, or research, all materials (except handouts) can be found and are stored publicly online at _mightybell or my Google Drive. Absent students can also retrieve URLs for lecture notes they missed by personally talking to the instructor the day of their return such as this lecture on Latin American Physical Geography.